First, a diagnosis must be reached through allergy testing. Once the offending allergen is identified, your doctor or allergist will discuss your options for the treatment and prevention of allergy symptoms.
- Allergy medication: Many rely on over-the-counter decongestants and antihistamines to deal with seasonal allergy symptoms, the most common of which include sneezing, runny nose, congestion, and sinus pressure.
- Immunotherapy: Also known as allergy shots, these can offer relief for multiple allergens, such as bee venom and grass pollen, by injecting gradually increasing doses of the allergen into the skin of the arm once a week. Immunotherapy can be extremely effective.
- Preventative treatment: Also referred to as sublingual immunotherapy, daily allergy tablets are often recommended to those who experience mild allergies to ragweed or grass pollen.
- Avoidance: This refers to food allergens such as tree nuts that one can control their exposure to, unlike allergens such as pollen that spread through the air. Your doctor will help you avoid a certain food allergen by helping identify what types of dishes or meals to avoid, and how to replace it in order to maintain proper nutrition.