Microdermabrasion is a non-chemical treatment that exfoliates the superficial layers of the skin. The first method uses a hand-held device to target a stream of tiny aluminum oxide crystals over your skin, and the other uses a diamond-tip wand that is moved gently across the skin. Sometimes a suction mechanism is also used to remove the dead skin during the exfoliation process. During microdermabrasion, your face will be cleansed before a medical professional uses either one of these devices to gently remove the very top layer of the skin. The procedure improves skin elasticity, promotes collagen growth, and balances pigmentation. Microdermabrasion can take a bit longer than a chemical peel typically, up to 40 minutes for the face and 20 minutes for the neck.
A chemical peel offers similar benefits to microdermabrasion, but instead uses a chemical solution to remove the damaged outer layer of the skin to improve smoothness. The chemicals used will be determined by your skin type, and include phenol, alphahydroxy acids, and trichloroacetic acid. Chemical peels are generally used on the face, but may also be applied to the hands and neck. During a chemical peel, your face will be cleansed, then a solution will be brushed onto your skin and left on for several minutes. The chemical solution will then be washed off and neutralized.